Civilrightsb&b colorfinal
Silhouettes
Black Power237Black Panthers132Black Power and Community Organizing41Black Power and Electoral Politics14Black Power and Institution-building18Black Power and Social Service Provision4Blacks in Government (BIG)8Democratic Progressive Voters' League3Local Black Power Organizations48Pan-Africanism3Texas Coalition of Black Democrats1Chicano Power674Aztlán9Brown Berets173Chicano Institution-building118Chicano Land Claims7Chicano Power and Community Organizing153Chicano Power and Electoral Politics65Chicano Power and Social Service Provision7Ideology of Chicano Power89Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund (MALDEF)27Mexican American Youth Organization (MAYO)179Mexican-American School Board Members Association (MASBA)1Movimiento Estudiantil Chicano de Aztlán (MEChA)31Citizenship1062Access to Public Services48Appeals to Federal Government22Braceros10Citizenship Law Enforcement69"La Migra" (Border Patrol)11Immigration and Naturalization Service48Citizenship Law and Legislation63Citizenship and Economic Independence32Citizenship and Gender24Civic Engagement140Definitions of Citizenship51Deportation17Detention for Immigration Status20Green Cards7"Commuters"1Immigration Status150Naturalization14Patron13Political Rights212Taxes105Poll Tax59Visas7U-visa1Voting and Voter Registration419Class and Status551Black Professionals110Class, Status, and Gender93Classism59Downward Mobility6Home Ownership and Class53Intra-racial/ethnic Classism30Intra-racial/ethnic Cross-class Collaboration51Intra-racial/ethnic Economic Stratification81Land Ownership and Class66Social Mobility53Upward Mobility50Community Organizations1998Civil Rights Organizations1078A. Philip Randolph Institute19American G.I. Forum (AGIF)85Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)6International and Third World Civil Rights Organizations12League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC)261Local Civil Rights Organizations197National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)319National and Regional Civil Rights Organizations66Political Association for Spanish-Speaking Organizations (PASSO)56Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)21Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)54Valley Interfaith7Community Organizations and Institution-Building153Community outreach521Volunteering224Fraternal Organizations24Greek Letter Societies44Mutual Aid Societies12Women's clubs60Consumption94Bus Boycotts14Consumer Boycotts60Court Cases408Brown v. Board of Education58Hernandez v. Texas5School Desegregation Cases117Cisneros v. Corpus Christi ISD33Del Rio ISD v. Salvatierra1Delgado v. Bastrop ISD1Hernandez v. Driscoll CISD1Single Member District Court Cases65Crime89Bank Robbery2Gang violence51Direct Action799Direct Action (unspecified)78Marches253Petitions21Picket lines79Protests223Rallies64Riots3Strikes99Takeovers9Teach-ins9Vigils3Walkouts86Discrimination or Segregation1575Discrimination or Segregation and Neighborhoods200Discrimination or Segregation at School590Discrimination or Segregation at Work126Discrimination or Segregation in Stores111Discrimination or Segregation of Public Accommodations434Cemeteries9Movie Theaters86Restaurants101Swimming pools35Transportation33Water fountains34Education3449"Mexican School"164Academic Calendar5Adult Education92All-Black Education363All-White Education115Black Studies45Chicano Studies130Community Controlled Schools41Corporal Punishment in Education63Education and Gender96Education and Integration696Busing124Freedom of Choice39Pairing for School Integration70Resistance to School Integration121Tokenism in School Integration62Educational Buildings and Physical Environment193Elementary Education540Extracurricular Activities301Sports75Head Start36Higher Education1238Affirmative Action21Little School of the 4005Migrant Schools14Parent and Community Involvement in Education315Parent Teacher Association (PTA)1Pre-K Education35Private and Parochial Education76Quality of Instruction325Textbooks72Resegregation of Schools15Rosenwald Schools19Secondary Education983Speaking Spanish at School160Special Education10Student Government45Teachers and Administrators1101Vocational42Elections14Canvassing3Democratic Party3Election Campaign Strategies4Electoral Districts2Gerrymandering1Local Elections2Politicians1Lyndon Johnson1Raza Unida Party4Republican Party1Electoral Politics1437"Get out the vote"40Black Elected Officials106Canvassing18Contested Elections4Democratic Party309Election Campaign Strategies130Election Campaigns277Ann Richards' 1990 Campaign5George S. McGovern's 1972 Campaign5Jimmy Carter's 1976 Campaign6John F. Kennedy's 1960 Campaign27Ramsey Muniz's 1972 Campaign19Ramsey Muniz's 1974 Campaign4Election Fraud9Election Rallies16Election Recounts2Election Violence9Electoral Districts186Gerrymandering41Single-Member Districts113Latino/a Elected Officials186Local Elections340Pachangas5Political Bosses48Political Clubs75Politicians241Raza Unida Party268Republican Party161Rural Elections19Voter Registration180Write-in Candidates3Family2370Childhood Experiences653Children568Adoption18Taking in children13Courtship63Cultural Heritage Gender Roles91Divorce54Domestic Abuse36Extended Family Networks380Family Histories and Traditions385Marriage425Parenting424Sheltering (Children from racism)56Parents865Siblings417Gender and Sexuality335Equal Pay20Feminism61Mujeres de la Raza Unida11National Women's Conference (Houston, 1977)2Sexism58In the Workforce25Sexual Minorities70Black Sexual Minorities9Latino/a Sexual Minorities20Women's rights153Reproductive Rights34Women's Liberation17Geography1028Barrios155Colonias39Geographic Disparities in Economic Growth or Decline103Geographic Disparities in Infrastructure225Geographical Descriptions198Places (Cities, Towns, Neighborhoods, and Intersections)579Spatial and Residential Segregation248Historic Events140Crystal City Uprising, 19633Crystal City Uprising, 196914March on Austin, 19631Texas Southern University Riot, 196713Texas State Fair Demonstrations8Valley Farm Workers March, 196615Historic Periods16881941-1945671946-19501051950s [Exact Date Unknown]2491951-1955321956-1969491960-196312196471965-196813196611967-1968101969-1974701970s [Exact Date Unknown]4641975-1979221980s3361990s2732000-20082322009-Present271Early 1960s [Exact Date Unknown]246Jim Crow Period184Juan Crow Period9Late 1960s [Exact Date Unknown]316Mid-1960s [Exact Date Unknown]260Housing1111Contracts for Deeds2Exclusionary Zoning26House Bombings2Labor camps41Low Income Housing101Neighborhoods867Gentrification54Residential Segregation478Public Housing66Realtors25Redlining21Sub-standard Housing80Ideology507Chicanoism76Conservatism45Cultural Nationalism55Desegregation v. Integration112Integrationism79Internationalism23Liberalism54Marxism22Marxist Sectarianism1Nationalism15Radicalism41Relations Between Nationalism and Marxism4Relations Between Radicalism and Liberalism21Relations Between Radicalism and Local People35Separatism15Law and Public Policy446Bilingual Education83Civil Rights Act of 196465Civil Rights Act of 1964 - Title II - Public Accommodations14Civil Rights Act of 1964 - Title VII - Employment11Higher Education Amendments of 19723Title IX3Laws restricting African Americans29Laws restricting Latino Americans28Local Civil Rights Ordinances16Public Assistance44Supplemental Commodities Program13Welfare16Social Security7Voting Rights Act Extension of 19758Voting Rights Act of 196535War on Poverty58Media456Black Newspapers31Black Radio18Hostile Journalists and Editors35Mainstream Media120Movement Newspapers43Movement Radio23Spanish-Language Newspapers41Spanish-Language Radio43Student Newspapers38Supportive Journalists and Editors54Union Newspapers14Union Radio10Medicine and Health451Access to Health Care123Community-Controlled Health Care19Disabilities10Discrimination in Health Care67Drug Abuse68Folk Remedies3Medicare and Medicaid10Medicine, Health, and Employment63Mental Health30Rural Clinics22Urban Clinics16Migration363Causes of Migration37Chain Migration4Migrant Labor159Migration Methods9Migration from Deep South to Texas14Migration from Latin America to Texas76Migration from Rural to Urban Areas54Migration from Texas to Northern U.S.24Pa'l Norte1Seasonal Migration51Military667Better Race Relations in the Military31Discrimination in Military64Home Front38Korean War47Military Bases and Posts77Military Draft82Patriotic Rhetoric18Veterans' benefits69Agent Orange2Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder15Vietnam War231Anti-war Movement58World War II136Oral Tradition285Oral Tradition of Conquest27Oral Tradition of Native American Ancestry15Oral Tradition of Slavery67Oral Tradition of the Great Depression23Oral Tradition of the Mexican Revolution35Oral Tradition of the Tejano Land Dispossession24People703Brown, H. Rap2Carmichael, Stokely13Chavez, Cesar186Craft, Juanita10Davis, Angela3Evers, Medgar3Gutierrez, Jose Angel95Hector P. Garcia45Huerta, Dolores13Johnson, Lyndon Baines50Jordan, Barbara9Kennedy, John F.95Kennedy, Robert F.18King, Martin Luther, Jr.186Muniz, Ramsey7Newton, Huey P.8Obama, Barack68Proper Nouns32Harry S Truman4X, Malcolm27Police and Law Enforcement949Black Employment in Law Enforcement68Border Patrol26Capital Punishment7Community Relations and Law Enforcement167Federal Law Enforcement49FBI40Informants12Jails122Latino/a Employment in Law Enforcement42Marshalls2Mass Incarceration34Parole15Police Brutality325Political Imprisonment43Prisons90Probation9Sheriffs48Texas Rangers53Quantitative Questions213Black/Brown Relations18First Interracial Contact55Most Effective Leader94Most Effective Organization11Race Relations2075"Code-switching"6"Passing"31"Sell-outs"6"Tio Tacos"3"Uncle Toms"6Agabachados1Agringados5Anglo-Mexican Race Relations707Black-Brown Race Relations574Black-White Race Relations887Jewish Race Relations23Mojados7Native American Race Relations28Race Relations and Bilingualism92Race Relations with Other Ethnicities137Racial Slurs152Skin Color in Race Relations132Vendidos2Recreation and Leisure451Consumption of Radio/Television/Film86Dancing30Music82Tejano Music22Musical performances63Public Facilities40Segregated Shopping Districts19Social Gatherings80Sports19Swimming14Travel64Chicano/Tejano Music Awards2Interstate Travel17Travel in Texas16Religion872Church Leadership163Church organizations65Choir7Guadalupanas5Knights of Columbus1Penitentes1Churches489Church Community and Social Services158Churches as Meeting Spaces75Clergy41Liberation Theology7Religious Denominations214Social Gospel7Spirituality127Resistance ("Infrapolitics")70Resistance and Survival8Resistance and Talking Back22Resistance at School24Resistance at Work17Social Justice in Art113Poetry44Visual Art68Student Activism654Adult Participation in Student-led Actions8Black Participation in Latino/a-led Actions26Huelga Schools18Latino/a Participation in Black-led Actions26School Walkouts140Sit-ins102Sit-ins after Civil Rights Act4Student Demands for Jobs6Student Activism and Training46Student Organizations142Mexican American Student Organization (MASO)21Theater Stand-ins5White Resistance to Civil Rights465Extrajudicial Violence135Ku Klux Klan (KKK)100Lynching26White Capping1Hate Crimes and Violence132Arson as Hate Crime18Assault as Hate Crime29Law Enforcement as a tool of18Vigilantism8Minuteman Project2White Citizens' Councils9White Resistance and Anti-Communism31White Resistance and Economic Reprisals48White Resistance and Tokenism27Work2578"Black Jobs"97"Mexican Jobs"78"Women's Jobs"117Affirmative Action36Agricultural Work404Agricultural Work and Entrepreneurship14Agricultural Work and Land Ownership77Agricultural Work and Wage Labor96Agricultural Work: Tenancy and Sharecropping45Black-Owned Businesses196Child Labor41Compensation153Minimum Wage55Discrimination at Work445Discrimination at Work: Promotions and Seniority96Discrimination at Work: Race and Ethnicity201Discrimination at Work: Struggles Against80Discrimination at Work: Union Membership84Gendered Work109Labor Unions462Latino/a-Owned Businesses139Occupations1331Healthcare11Journalism52Service Industry34Types of Work369Contratista9Domestic work94Limpia3Parcela1Piscas5Rancheros18Workers rights86Working Conditions308El Cortito1