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Black Power175Black Panthers97Black Power and Community Organizing30Black Power and Electoral Politics9Black Power and Institution-building14Black Power and Social Service Provision4Blacks in Government (BIG)8Democratic Progressive Voters' League3Local Black Power Organizations43Pan-Africanism2Chicano Power594Aztlán9Brown Berets135Chicano Institution-building108Chicano Land Claims6Chicano Power and Community Organizing138Chicano Power and Electoral Politics59Chicano Power and Social Service Provision7Ideology of Chicano Power84Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund (MALDEF)25Mexican American Youth Organization (MAYO)170Mexican-American School Board Members Association (MASBA)1Movimiento Estudiantil Chicano de Aztlán (MEChA)25Citizenship881Access to Public Services44Appeals to Federal Government20Braceros7Citizenship Law Enforcement61"La Migra" (Border Patrol)11Immigration and Naturalization Service45Citizenship Law and Legislation43Citizenship and Economic Independence23Citizenship and Gender20Civic Engagement129Definitions of Citizenship42Deportation14Detention for Immigration Status16Green Cards7"Commuters"1Immigration Status123Naturalization12Patron13Political Rights179Taxes90Poll Tax54Visas7U-visa1Voting and Voter Registration340Class and Status443Black Professionals82Class, Status, and Gender88Classism50Downward Mobility5Home Ownership and Class40Intra-racial/ethnic Classism26Intra-racial/ethnic Cross-class Collaboration42Intra-racial/ethnic Economic Stratification57Land Ownership and Class50Social Mobility42Upward Mobility43Community Organizations1639Civil Rights Organizations875A. Philip Randolph Institute19American G.I. Forum (AGIF)70Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)4International and Third World Civil Rights Organizations12League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC)205Local Civil Rights Organizations186National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)246National and Regional Civil Rights Organizations65Political Association for Spanish-Speaking Organizations (PASSO)53Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)9Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)29Valley Interfaith7Community Organizations and Institution-Building125Community outreach431Volunteering187Fraternal Organizations18Greek Letter Societies37Mutual Aid Societies10Women's clubs54Consumption76Bus Boycotts13Consumer Boycotts46Court Cases319Brown v. Board of Education41Hernandez v. Texas4School Desegregation Cases101Cisneros v. Corpus Christi ISD33Del Rio ISD v. Salvatierra1Delgado v. Bastrop ISD1Hernandez v. Driscoll CISD1Single Member District Court Cases41Crime74Bank Robbery1Gang violence43Direct Action634Direct Action (unspecified)60Marches205Petitions16Picket lines64Protests171Rallies53Strikes85Takeovers6Teach-ins6Vigils1Walkouts73Discrimination or Segregation1228Discrimination or Segregation and Neighborhoods149Discrimination or Segregation at School443Discrimination or Segregation at Work104Discrimination or Segregation in Stores91Discrimination or Segregation of Public Accommodations352Cemeteries5Movie Theaters71Restaurants81Swimming pools29Transportation30Water fountains27Education2824"Mexican School"142Academic Calendar5Adult Education82All-Black Education294All-White Education98Black Studies34Chicano Studies114Community Controlled Schools34Corporal Punishment in Education49Education and Gender87Education and Integration578Busing109Freedom of Choice27Pairing for School Integration63Resistance to School Integration107Tokenism in School Integration51Educational Buildings and Physical Environment157Elementary Education438Extracurricular Activities230Sports14Head Start26Higher Education997Affirmative Action9Little School of the 4002Migrant Schools14Parent and Community Involvement in Education270Pre-K Education29Private and Parochial Education66Quality of Instruction267Textbooks55Resegregation of Schools12Rosenwald Schools14Secondary Education769Speaking Spanish at School135Student Government43Teachers and Administrators914Vocational32Elections15Canvassing3Democratic Party3Election Campaign Strategies4Electoral Districts2Gerrymandering1Local Elections3Politicians1Lyndon Johnson1Raza Unida Party4Republican Party1Electoral Politics1177"Get out the vote"26Black Elected Officials75Canvassing13Contested Elections4Democratic Party270Election Campaign Strategies105Election Campaigns238Ann Richards' 1990 Campaign4George S. McGovern's 1972 Campaign4Jimmy Carter's 1976 Campaign6John F. Kennedy's 1960 Campaign27Ramsey Muniz's 1972 Campaign18Ramsey Muniz's 1974 Campaign4Election Fraud8Election Rallies16Election Recounts2Election Violence9Electoral Districts134Gerrymandering29Single-Member Districts77Latino/a Elected Officials176Local Elections279Pachangas3Political Bosses47Political Clubs73Politicians183Raza Unida Party218Republican Party141Rural Elections13Voter Registration152Write-in Candidates3Family2022Childhood Experiences567Children497Adoption13Taking in children11Courtship58Cultural Heritage Gender Roles85Divorce49Domestic Abuse31Extended Family Networks321Family Histories and Traditions305Marriage373Parenting382Sheltering (Children from racism)53Parents708Siblings363Gender and Sexuality281Equal Pay18Feminism46Mujeres de la Raza Unida11National Women's Conference (Houston, 1977)2Sexism47In the Workforce19Sexual Minorities65Black Sexual Minorities8Latino/a Sexual Minorities17Women's rights127Reproductive Rights22Women's Liberation15Geography838Barrios135Colonias32Geographic Disparities in Economic Growth or Decline65Geographic Disparities in Infrastructure151Geographical Descriptions168Places (Cities, Towns, Neighborhoods, and Intersections)527Spatial and Residential Segregation170Historic Events120Crystal City Uprising, 19633Crystal City Uprising, 196914March on Austin, 19631Texas Southern University Riot, 19679Texas State Fair Demonstrations7Valley Farm Workers March, 196613Historic Periods12961941-1945491946-1950821950s [Exact Date Unknown]1981951-1955221956-1969401960-196311196441965-196812196611967-196891969-1974501970s [Exact Date Unknown]3441975-1979121980s2571990s2052000-20081782009-Present215Early 1960s [Exact Date Unknown]202Jim Crow Period131Juan Crow Period1Late 1960s [Exact Date Unknown]253Mid-1960s [Exact Date Unknown]213Housing917Contracts for Deeds1Exclusionary Zoning23House Bombings2Labor camps39Low Income Housing87Neighborhoods712Gentrification26Residential Segregation398Public Housing49Realtors24Redlining15Sub-standard Housing57Ideology458Chicanoism68Conservatism43Cultural Nationalism52Desegregation v. Integration100Integrationism70Internationalism23Liberalism51Marxism20Marxist Sectarianism1Nationalism15Radicalism39Relations Between Nationalism and Marxism4Relations Between Radicalism and Liberalism21Relations Between Radicalism and Local People33Separatism15Law and Public Policy364Bilingual Education68Civil Rights Act of 196455Civil Rights Act of 1964 - Title II - Public Accommodations14Civil Rights Act of 1964 - Title VII - Employment7Higher Education Amendments of 19722Title IX2Laws restricting African Americans19Laws restricting Latino Americans20Local Civil Rights Ordinances16Public Assistance34Supplemental Commodities Program13Welfare10Social Security5Voting Rights Act Extension of 19755Voting Rights Act of 196524War on Poverty56Media372Black Newspapers24Black Radio16Hostile Journalists and Editors31Mainstream Media109Movement Newspapers34Movement Radio20Spanish-Language Newspapers29Spanish-Language Radio31Student Newspapers28Supportive Journalists and Editors53Union Newspapers14Union Radio9Medicine and Health371Access to Health Care106Community-Controlled Health Care18Disabilities6Discrimination in Health Care55Drug Abuse56Folk Remedies2Medicare and Medicaid7Medicine, Health, and Employment60Mental Health20Rural Clinics21Urban Clinics15Migration291Causes of Migration23Chain Migration4Migrant Labor128Migration Methods8Migration from Deep South to Texas12Migration from Latin America to Texas63Migration from Rural to Urban Areas43Migration from Texas to Northern U.S.21Pa'l Norte1Seasonal Migration41Military528Better Race Relations in the Military26Discrimination in Military53Home Front32Korean War37Military Bases and Posts55Military Draft65Patriotic Rhetoric18Veterans' benefits57Agent Orange2Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder12Vietnam War175Anti-war Movement36World War II111Oral Tradition244Oral Tradition of Conquest17Oral Tradition of Native American Ancestry12Oral Tradition of Slavery52Oral Tradition of the Great Depression22Oral Tradition of the Mexican Revolution33Oral Tradition of the Tejano Land Dispossession17People598Brown, H. Rap2Carmichael, Stokely7Chavez, Cesar155Craft, Juanita12Davis, Angela3Evers, Medgar3Gutierrez, Jose Angel78Hector P. Garcia43Huerta, Dolores12Johnson, Lyndon Baines45Jordan, Barbara9Kennedy, John F.86Kennedy, Robert F.18King, Martin Luther, Jr.149Newton, Huey P.6Obama, Barack56Proper Nouns31Harry S Truman3X, Malcolm26Police and Law Enforcement775Black Employment in Law Enforcement59Border Patrol24Capital Punishment6Community Relations and Law Enforcement145Federal Law Enforcement39FBI32Informants10Jails102Latino/a Employment in Law Enforcement35Marshalls2Mass Incarceration28Parole15Police Brutality246Political Imprisonment42Prisons77Probation9Sheriffs42Texas Rangers49Quantitative Questions199Black/Brown Relations18First Interracial Contact52Most Effective Leader92Most Effective Organization10Race Relations1781"Code-switching"5"Passing"28"Sell-outs"6"Tio Tacos"4"Uncle Toms"3Agabachados1Agringados5Anglo-Mexican Race Relations647Black-Brown Race Relations492Black-White Race Relations773Jewish Race Relations15Mojados7Native American Race Relations26Race Relations and Bilingualism79Race Relations with Other Ethnicities124Racial Slurs127Skin Color in Race Relations121Vendidos2Recreation and Leisure343Consumption of Radio/Television/Film78Dancing21Music47Tejano Music9Musical performances47Public Facilities31Segregated Shopping Districts14Social Gatherings68Sports5Swimming11Travel50Chicano/Tejano Music Awards2Interstate Travel12Travel in Texas12Religion728Church Leadership127Church organizations53Choir5Guadalupanas5Penitentes1Churches412Church Community and Social Services139Churches as Meeting Spaces59Clergy35Liberation Theology7Religious Denominations188Social Gospel5Spirituality115Resistance ("Infrapolitics")57Resistance and Survival7Resistance and Talking Back17Resistance at School20Resistance at Work15Social Justice in Art73Poetry24Visual Art46Student Activism551Adult Participation in Student-led Actions6Black Participation in Latino/a-led Actions25Huelga Schools17Latino/a Participation in Black-led Actions23School Walkouts125Sit-ins89Sit-ins after Civil Rights Act4Student Demands for Jobs5Student Activism and Training21Student Organizations111Mexican American Student Organization (MASO)20Theater Stand-ins5White Resistance to Civil Rights395Extrajudicial Violence99Ku Klux Klan (KKK)72Lynching18White Capping1Hate Crimes and Violence108Arson as Hate Crime14Assault as Hate Crime24Law Enforcement as a tool of17Vigilantism6Minuteman Project2White Citizens' Councils9White Resistance and Anti-Communism30White Resistance and Economic Reprisals45White Resistance and Tokenism22Work2113"Black Jobs"85"Mexican Jobs"70"Women's Jobs"102Affirmative Action28Agricultural Work352Agricultural Work and Entrepreneurship12Agricultural Work and Land Ownership68Agricultural Work and Wage Labor86Agricultural Work: Tenancy and Sharecropping39Black-Owned Businesses147Child Labor34Compensation129Minimum Wage53Discrimination at Work386Discrimination at Work: Promotions and Seniority84Discrimination at Work: Race and Ethnicity185Discrimination at Work: Struggles Against66Discrimination at Work: Union Membership73Gendered Work88Labor Unions399Latino/a-Owned Businesses112Occupations1056Healthcare1Journalism44Service Industry31Types of Work289Contratista9Domestic work77Limpia2Parcela1Piscas5Rancheros17Workers rights75Working Conditions269El Cortito1