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Black Power264Black Panthers146Black Power and Community Organizing46Black Power and Electoral Politics14Black Power and Institution-building19Black Power and Social Service Provision4Blacks in Government (BIG)8Democratic Progressive Voters' League4Local Black Power Organizations51Pan-Africanism3Texas Coalition of Black Democrats1Chicano Power715Aztlán12Brown Berets194Chicano Institution-building119Chicano Land Claims7Chicano Power and Community Organizing165Chicano Power and Electoral Politics66Chicano Power and Social Service Provision7Ideology of Chicano Power89Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund (MALDEF)28Mexican American Youth Organization (MAYO)184Mexican-American School Board Members Association (MASBA)1Movimiento Estudiantil Chicano de Aztlán (MEChA)31Citizenship1200Access to Public Services65Appeals to Federal Government25Braceros12Citizenship Law Enforcement76"La Migra" (Border Patrol)12Immigration and Naturalization Service52Citizenship Law and Legislation71Citizenship and Economic Independence48Citizenship and Gender24Civic Engagement175Definitions of Citizenship62Deportation19Detention for Immigration Status25Green Cards10"Commuters"2Immigration Status162Naturalization16Patron15Political Rights235Taxes119Poll Tax62Visas10U-visa1Voting and Voter Registration458Class and Status634Black Professionals142Class, Status, and Gender95Classism61Downward Mobility8Home Ownership and Class65Intra-racial/ethnic Classism32Intra-racial/ethnic Cross-class Collaboration53Intra-racial/ethnic Economic Stratification84Land Ownership and Class76Social Mobility63Upward Mobility58Community Organizations2211Civil Rights Organizations1181A. Philip Randolph Institute19American G.I. Forum (AGIF)96Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)6International and Third World Civil Rights Organizations12League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC)274Local Civil Rights Organizations209National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)362National and Regional Civil Rights Organizations70Political Association for Spanish-Speaking Organizations (PASSO)56Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)24Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)72Valley Interfaith7Community Organizations and Institution-Building158Community outreach582Volunteering257Fraternal Organizations25Greek Letter Societies48Mutual Aid Societies15Women's clubs65Consumption112Bus Boycotts15Consumer Boycotts77Court Cases451Brown v. Board of Education65Hernandez v. Texas5School Desegregation Cases126Cisneros v. Corpus Christi ISD33Del Rio ISD v. Salvatierra1Delgado v. Bastrop ISD3Hernandez v. Driscoll CISD1Single Member District Court Cases74Crime97Bank Robbery2Gang violence55Direct Action919Direct Action (unspecified)86Marches283Petitions25Picket lines90Protests254Rallies70Riots27Strikes111Takeovers11Teach-ins9Vigils4Walkouts90Discrimination or Segregation1695Discrimination or Segregation and Neighborhoods206Discrimination or Segregation at School637Discrimination or Segregation at Work130Discrimination or Segregation in Stores124Discrimination or Segregation of Public Accommodations479Cemeteries9Movie Theaters100Restaurants113Swimming pools36Transportation38Water fountains39Education3852"Mexican School"177Academic Calendar5Adult Education104All-Black Education419All-White Education138Black Studies46Chicano Studies131Community Controlled Schools42Corporal Punishment in Education74Education and Gender102Education and Integration779Busing138Freedom of Choice48Pairing for School Integration82Resistance to School Integration132Tokenism in School Integration64Educational Buildings and Physical Environment206Elementary Education601Extracurricular Activities368Sports117Head Start37Higher Education1405Affirmative Action21Little School of the 4005Migrant Schools16Parent and Community Involvement in Education366Parent Teacher Association (PTA)7Pre-K Education35Private and Parochial Education88Quality of Instruction392Textbooks96Resegregation of Schools16Rosenwald Schools22Secondary Education1127Speaking Spanish at School179Special Education22Student Government50Teachers and Administrators1258Vocational47Elections14Canvassing3Democratic Party3Election Campaign Strategies4Electoral Districts2Gerrymandering1Local Elections2Politicians1Lyndon Johnson1Raza Unida Party4Republican Party1Electoral Politics1606"Get out the vote"46Black Elected Officials129Canvassing25Contested Elections13Democratic Party345Election Campaign Strategies152Election Campaigns317Ann Richards' 1990 Campaign6George S. McGovern's 1972 Campaign5Jimmy Carter's 1976 Campaign7John F. Kennedy's 1960 Campaign29Ramsey Muniz's 1972 Campaign19Ramsey Muniz's 1974 Campaign4Election Fraud9Election Rallies17Election Recounts3Election Violence9Electoral Districts209Gerrymandering46Single-Member Districts126Latino/a Elected Officials218Local Elections382Pachangas5Political Bosses50Political Clubs76Politicians282Raza Unida Party285Republican Party179Rural Elections27Voter Registration191Write-in Candidates3Family2684Childhood Experiences738Children634Adoption22Taking in children14Courtship71Cultural Heritage Gender Roles103Divorce66Domestic Abuse44Extended Family Networks446Family Histories and Traditions444Marriage474Parenting505Sheltering (Children from racism)80Parents965Siblings465Gender and Sexuality400Equal Pay23Feminism70Mujeres de la Raza Unida14National Women's Conference (Houston, 1977)2Sexism69In the Workforce31Sexual Minorities88Black Sexual Minorities9Latino/a Sexual Minorities24Women's rights182Reproductive Rights53Women's Liberation23Geography1118Barrios171Colonias41Geographic Disparities in Economic Growth or Decline115Geographic Disparities in Infrastructure247Geographical Descriptions218Places (Cities, Towns, Neighborhoods, and Intersections)594Spatial and Residential Segregation279Historic Events154Crystal City Uprising, 19633Crystal City Uprising, 196915March on Austin, 19631Texas Southern University Riot, 196714Texas State Fair Demonstrations8Valley Farm Workers March, 196618Historic Periods19371941-1945741946-19501131950s [Exact Date Unknown]2781951-1955351956-1969491960-196313196481965-196814196611967-1968101969-1974701970s [Exact Date Unknown]5471975-1979221980s3631990s3102000-20082602009-Present306Early 1960s [Exact Date Unknown]273Jim Crow Period217Juan Crow Period15Late 1960s [Exact Date Unknown]349Mid-1960s [Exact Date Unknown]284Housing1248Contracts for Deeds2Exclusionary Zoning29House Bombings2Labor camps48Low Income Housing113Neighborhoods971Gentrification67Residential Segregation529Public Housing77Realtors32Redlining25Sub-standard Housing90Ideology585Chicanoism78Conservatism51Cultural Nationalism60Desegregation v. Integration119Integrationism80Internationalism24Liberalism66Marxism35Marxist Sectarianism3Nationalism18Radicalism62Relations Between Nationalism and Marxism5Relations Between Radicalism and Liberalism24Relations Between Radicalism and Local People43Separatism15Law and Public Policy509Bilingual Education89Civil Rights Act of 196473Civil Rights Act of 1964 - Title II - Public Accommodations14Civil Rights Act of 1964 - Title VII - Employment11Higher Education Amendments of 19723Title IX3Laws restricting African Americans38Laws restricting Latino Americans34Local Civil Rights Ordinances17Public Assistance48Supplemental Commodities Program13Welfare20Social Security8Voting Rights Act Extension of 197511Voting Rights Act of 196541War on Poverty61Media519Black Newspapers38Black Radio19Hostile Journalists and Editors38Mainstream Media146Movement Newspapers51Movement Radio24Spanish-Language Newspapers54Spanish-Language Radio51Student Newspapers42Supportive Journalists and Editors58Union Newspapers15Union Radio10Medicine and Health547Access to Health Care141Community-Controlled Health Care19Disabilities23Discrimination in Health Care79Drug Abuse84Folk Remedies4Medicare and Medicaid10Medicine, Health, and Employment72Mental Health46Rural Clinics24Urban Clinics18Migration400Causes of Migration38Chain Migration4Migrant Labor181Migration Methods9Migration from Deep South to Texas16Migration from Latin America to Texas82Migration from Rural to Urban Areas56Migration from Texas to Northern U.S.28Pa'l Norte1Seasonal Migration62Military751Better Race Relations in the Military34Discrimination in Military68Home Front43Korean War54Military Bases and Posts94Military Draft90Patriotic Rhetoric20Veterans' benefits77Agent Orange3Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder15Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944 (GI Bill)5Vietnam War256Anti-war Movement70World War II141Oral Tradition311Oral Tradition of Conquest30Oral Tradition of Native American Ancestry16Oral Tradition of Slavery80Oral Tradition of the Great Depression23Oral Tradition of the Mexican Revolution37Oral Tradition of the Tejano Land Dispossession26People792Brown, H. Rap11Carmichael, Stokely27Chavez, Cesar213Craft, Juanita10Davis, Angela10Evers, Medgar3Garcia, Hector P.2Gutierrez, Jose Angel97Hector P. Garcia44Huerta, Dolores14Johnson, Lyndon Baines53Jordan, Barbara15Kennedy, John F.99Kennedy, Robert F.24King, Martin Luther, Jr.214Muniz, Ramsey7Newton, Huey P.13Obama, Barack74Proper Nouns36Harry S Truman8X, Malcolm32Police and Law Enforcement1084Black Employment in Law Enforcement70Border Patrol26Capital Punishment7Community Relations and Law Enforcement183Convict Labor1Federal Law Enforcement53FBI44Informants15Jails146Latino/a Employment in Law Enforcement47Marshalls2Mass Incarceration43Parole18Police Brutality372Political Imprisonment49Prisons103Probation13Sheriffs56Texas Rangers60Quantitative Questions216Black/Brown Relations18First Interracial Contact58Most Effective Leader94Most Effective Organization11Race Relations2256"Code-switching"6"Passing"32"Sell-outs"6"Tio Tacos"4"Uncle Toms"12Agabachados1Agringados5Anglo-Mexican Race Relations745Black-Brown Race Relations599Black-White Race Relations953Jewish Race Relations23Mojados7Native American Race Relations28Race Relations and Bilingualism100Race Relations with Other Ethnicities144Racial Slurs171Skin Color in Race Relations144Vendidos2Recreation and Leisure524Consumption of Radio/Television/Film101Dancing42Music103Tejano Music30Musical performances75Public Facilities44Segregated Shopping Districts22Social Gatherings87Sports23Swimming16Travel75Chicano/Tejano Music Awards2Interstate Travel23Travel in Texas18Religion980Church Leadership186Church organizations66Choir7Guadalupanas5Knights of Columbus1Penitentes1Churches548Church Community and Social Services163Churches as Meeting Spaces85Clergy42Liberation Theology7Religious Denominations239Social Gospel10Spirituality140Resistance ("Infrapolitics")73Resistance and Survival8Resistance and Talking Back23Resistance at School24Resistance at Work19Social Justice in Art127Poetry48Visual Art79Student Activism713Adult Participation in Student-led Actions8Black Participation in Latino/a-led Actions29Huelga Schools18Latino/a Participation in Black-led Actions28School Walkouts146Sit-ins114Sit-ins after Civil Rights Act4Student Demands for Jobs7Student Activism and Training48Student Organizations148Mexican American Student Organization (MASO)21Theater Stand-ins5White Resistance to Civil Rights524Extrajudicial Violence163Ku Klux Klan (KKK)119Lynching35White Capping1Hate Crimes and Violence152Arson as Hate Crime19Assault as Hate Crime31Law Enforcement as a tool of18Vigilantism11Minuteman Project3White Citizens' Councils9White Resistance and Anti-Communism33White Resistance and Economic Reprisals51White Resistance and Tokenism30Work2887"Black Jobs"99"Mexican Jobs"81"Women's Jobs"122Affirmative Action37Agricultural Work458Agricultural Work and Entrepreneurship20Agricultural Work and Land Ownership86Agricultural Work and Wage Labor117Agricultural Work: Tenancy and Sharecropping57Black-Owned Businesses236Child Labor55Compensation189Minimum Wage59Discrimination at Work505Discrimination at Work: Promotions and Seniority104Discrimination at Work: Race and Ethnicity221Discrimination at Work: Struggles Against92Discrimination at Work: Union Membership91Gendered Work118Labor Unions500Latino/a-Owned Businesses161Occupations1457Healthcare30Journalism65Service Industry38Types of Work446Contratista9Domestic work115Limpia3Parcela1Piscas5Rancheros21Workers rights90Working Conditions333El Cortito1