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Black Power246Black Panthers138Black Power and Community Organizing43Black Power and Electoral Politics14Black Power and Institution-building19Black Power and Social Service Provision4Blacks in Government (BIG)8Democratic Progressive Voters' League4Local Black Power Organizations50Pan-Africanism3Texas Coalition of Black Democrats1Chicano Power686Aztlán10Brown Berets178Chicano Institution-building118Chicano Land Claims7Chicano Power and Community Organizing157Chicano Power and Electoral Politics65Chicano Power and Social Service Provision7Ideology of Chicano Power89Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund (MALDEF)27Mexican American Youth Organization (MAYO)182Mexican-American School Board Members Association (MASBA)1Movimiento Estudiantil Chicano de Aztlán (MEChA)31Citizenship1113Access to Public Services53Appeals to Federal Government23Braceros11Citizenship Law Enforcement72"La Migra" (Border Patrol)12Immigration and Naturalization Service49Citizenship Law and Legislation69Citizenship and Economic Independence38Citizenship and Gender24Civic Engagement152Definitions of Citizenship56Deportation19Detention for Immigration Status23Green Cards8"Commuters"1Immigration Status156Naturalization15Patron14Political Rights225Taxes106Poll Tax59Visas8U-visa1Voting and Voter Registration434Class and Status585Black Professionals129Class, Status, and Gender93Classism59Downward Mobility7Home Ownership and Class58Intra-racial/ethnic Classism31Intra-racial/ethnic Cross-class Collaboration53Intra-racial/ethnic Economic Stratification84Land Ownership and Class69Social Mobility58Upward Mobility53Community Organizations2071Civil Rights Organizations1120A. Philip Randolph Institute19American G.I. Forum (AGIF)86Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)6International and Third World Civil Rights Organizations12League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC)263Local Civil Rights Organizations200National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)339National and Regional Civil Rights Organizations66Political Association for Spanish-Speaking Organizations (PASSO)56Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)23Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)66Valley Interfaith7Community Organizations and Institution-Building154Community outreach536Volunteering230Fraternal Organizations25Greek Letter Societies46Mutual Aid Societies14Women's clubs63Consumption100Bus Boycotts14Consumer Boycotts66Court Cases424Brown v. Board of Education59Hernandez v. Texas5School Desegregation Cases119Cisneros v. Corpus Christi ISD33Del Rio ISD v. Salvatierra1Delgado v. Bastrop ISD1Hernandez v. Driscoll CISD1Single Member District Court Cases70Crime90Bank Robbery2Gang violence51Direct Action839Direct Action (unspecified)82Marches263Petitions24Picket lines83Protests233Rallies66Riots4Strikes105Takeovers9Teach-ins9Vigils3Walkouts88Discrimination or Segregation1625Discrimination or Segregation and Neighborhoods203Discrimination or Segregation at School606Discrimination or Segregation at Work129Discrimination or Segregation in Stores117Discrimination or Segregation of Public Accommodations451Cemeteries9Movie Theaters91Restaurants107Swimming pools35Transportation36Water fountains35Education3594"Mexican School"171Academic Calendar5Adult Education92All-Black Education390All-White Education128Black Studies45Chicano Studies130Community Controlled Schools41Corporal Punishment in Education67Education and Gender99Education and Integration726Busing128Freedom of Choice46Pairing for School Integration72Resistance to School Integration123Tokenism in School Integration62Educational Buildings and Physical Environment198Elementary Education559Extracurricular Activities323Sports92Head Start36Higher Education1299Affirmative Action21Little School of the 4005Migrant Schools15Parent and Community Involvement in Education329Parent Teacher Association (PTA)1Pre-K Education35Private and Parochial Education79Quality of Instruction351Textbooks83Resegregation of Schools15Rosenwald Schools19Secondary Education1041Speaking Spanish at School167Special Education15Student Government47Teachers and Administrators1151Vocational45Elections14Canvassing3Democratic Party3Election Campaign Strategies4Electoral Districts2Gerrymandering1Local Elections2Politicians1Lyndon Johnson1Raza Unida Party4Republican Party1Electoral Politics1505"Get out the vote"43Black Elected Officials119Canvassing22Contested Elections9Democratic Party327Election Campaign Strategies145Election Campaigns294Ann Richards' 1990 Campaign5George S. McGovern's 1972 Campaign5Jimmy Carter's 1976 Campaign7John F. Kennedy's 1960 Campaign27Ramsey Muniz's 1972 Campaign19Ramsey Muniz's 1974 Campaign4Election Fraud9Election Rallies16Election Recounts2Election Violence9Electoral Districts198Gerrymandering45Single-Member Districts120Latino/a Elected Officials197Local Elections364Pachangas5Political Bosses49Political Clubs76Politicians257Raza Unida Party272Republican Party170Rural Elections22Voter Registration184Write-in Candidates3Family2477Childhood Experiences684Children600Adoption20Taking in children14Courtship64Cultural Heritage Gender Roles95Divorce56Domestic Abuse37Extended Family Networks402Family Histories and Traditions409Marriage445Parenting452Sheltering (Children from racism)65Parents905Siblings435Gender and Sexuality355Equal Pay23Feminism63Mujeres de la Raza Unida11National Women's Conference (Houston, 1977)2Sexism61In the Workforce28Sexual Minorities72Black Sexual Minorities9Latino/a Sexual Minorities20Women's rights165Reproductive Rights43Women's Liberation20Geography1060Barrios160Colonias40Geographic Disparities in Economic Growth or Decline106Geographic Disparities in Infrastructure231Geographical Descriptions205Places (Cities, Towns, Neighborhoods, and Intersections)585Spatial and Residential Segregation257Historic Events146Crystal City Uprising, 19633Crystal City Uprising, 196914March on Austin, 19631Texas Southern University Riot, 196714Texas State Fair Demonstrations8Valley Farm Workers March, 196615Historic Periods17701941-1945701946-19501051950s [Exact Date Unknown]2581951-1955321956-1969491960-196312196471965-196814196611967-1968101969-1974701970s [Exact Date Unknown]4911975-1979221980s3471990s2782000-20082392009-Present283Early 1960s [Exact Date Unknown]253Jim Crow Period197Juan Crow Period13Late 1960s [Exact Date Unknown]328Mid-1960s [Exact Date Unknown]266Housing1156Contracts for Deeds2Exclusionary Zoning28House Bombings2Labor camps44Low Income Housing104Neighborhoods901Gentrification55Residential Segregation502Public Housing68Realtors30Redlining24Sub-standard Housing85Ideology533Chicanoism78Conservatism48Cultural Nationalism59Desegregation v. Integration113Integrationism80Internationalism24Liberalism60Marxism24Marxist Sectarianism1Nationalism17Radicalism44Relations Between Nationalism and Marxism4Relations Between Radicalism and Liberalism22Relations Between Radicalism and Local People36Separatism15Law and Public Policy474Bilingual Education84Civil Rights Act of 196469Civil Rights Act of 1964 - Title II - Public Accommodations14Civil Rights Act of 1964 - Title VII - Employment11Higher Education Amendments of 19723Title IX3Laws restricting African Americans31Laws restricting Latino Americans30Local Civil Rights Ordinances16Public Assistance44Supplemental Commodities Program13Welfare16Social Security7Voting Rights Act Extension of 197511Voting Rights Act of 196540War on Poverty59Media478Black Newspapers33Black Radio18Hostile Journalists and Editors35Mainstream Media124Movement Newspapers43Movement Radio24Spanish-Language Newspapers43Spanish-Language Radio46Student Newspapers38Supportive Journalists and Editors57Union Newspapers15Union Radio10Medicine and Health478Access to Health Care129Community-Controlled Health Care19Disabilities12Discrimination in Health Care71Drug Abuse69Folk Remedies4Medicare and Medicaid10Medicine, Health, and Employment67Mental Health33Rural Clinics23Urban Clinics18Migration375Causes of Migration37Chain Migration4Migrant Labor166Migration Methods9Migration from Deep South to Texas15Migration from Latin America to Texas77Migration from Rural to Urban Areas55Migration from Texas to Northern U.S.26Pa'l Norte1Seasonal Migration56Military699Better Race Relations in the Military32Discrimination in Military66Home Front39Korean War50Military Bases and Posts82Military Draft83Patriotic Rhetoric18Veterans' benefits73Agent Orange2Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder15Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944 (GI Bill)4Vietnam War240Anti-war Movement61World War II138Oral Tradition295Oral Tradition of Conquest28Oral Tradition of Native American Ancestry16Oral Tradition of Slavery74Oral Tradition of the Great Depression23Oral Tradition of the Mexican Revolution36Oral Tradition of the Tejano Land Dispossession25People723Brown, H. Rap2Carmichael, Stokely16Chavez, Cesar193Craft, Juanita10Davis, Angela3Evers, Medgar3Gutierrez, Jose Angel96Hector P. Garcia44Huerta, Dolores14Johnson, Lyndon Baines50Jordan, Barbara9Kennedy, John F.95Kennedy, Robert F.19King, Martin Luther, Jr.197Muniz, Ramsey7Newton, Huey P.8Obama, Barack68Proper Nouns32Harry S Truman4X, Malcolm27Police and Law Enforcement1007Black Employment in Law Enforcement68Border Patrol26Capital Punishment7Community Relations and Law Enforcement176Federal Law Enforcement49FBI40Informants14Jails130Latino/a Employment in Law Enforcement42Marshalls2Mass Incarceration36Parole15Police Brutality358Political Imprisonment45Prisons93Probation10Sheriffs50Texas Rangers56Quantitative Questions214Black/Brown Relations18First Interracial Contact56Most Effective Leader94Most Effective Organization11Race Relations2155"Code-switching"6"Passing"31"Sell-outs"6"Tio Tacos"4"Uncle Toms"11Agabachados1Agringados5Anglo-Mexican Race Relations729Black-Brown Race Relations587Black-White Race Relations917Jewish Race Relations23Mojados7Native American Race Relations28Race Relations and Bilingualism94Race Relations with Other Ethnicities139Racial Slurs160Skin Color in Race Relations137Vendidos2Recreation and Leisure467Consumption of Radio/Television/Film89Dancing31Music86Tejano Music24Musical performances65Public Facilities43Segregated Shopping Districts20Social Gatherings81Sports20Swimming15Travel65Chicano/Tejano Music Awards2Interstate Travel18Travel in Texas16Religion916Church Leadership179Church organizations66Choir7Guadalupanas5Knights of Columbus1Penitentes1Churches518Church Community and Social Services159Churches as Meeting Spaces78Clergy42Liberation Theology7Religious Denominations223Social Gospel9Spirituality131Resistance ("Infrapolitics")73Resistance and Survival8Resistance and Talking Back23Resistance at School24Resistance at Work19Social Justice in Art114Poetry44Visual Art69Student Activism671Adult Participation in Student-led Actions8Black Participation in Latino/a-led Actions28Huelga Schools18Latino/a Participation in Black-led Actions28School Walkouts143Sit-ins106Sit-ins after Civil Rights Act4Student Demands for Jobs7Student Activism and Training46Student Organizations144Mexican American Student Organization (MASO)21Theater Stand-ins5White Resistance to Civil Rights486Extrajudicial Violence146Ku Klux Klan (KKK)105Lynching31White Capping1Hate Crimes and Violence140Arson as Hate Crime19Assault as Hate Crime29Law Enforcement as a tool of18Vigilantism8Minuteman Project2White Citizens' Councils9White Resistance and Anti-Communism31White Resistance and Economic Reprisals50White Resistance and Tokenism28Work2700"Black Jobs"99"Mexican Jobs"79"Women's Jobs"120Affirmative Action37Agricultural Work431Agricultural Work and Entrepreneurship17Agricultural Work and Land Ownership82Agricultural Work and Wage Labor107Agricultural Work: Tenancy and Sharecropping51Black-Owned Businesses210Child Labor45Compensation170Minimum Wage57Discrimination at Work477Discrimination at Work: Promotions and Seniority99Discrimination at Work: Race and Ethnicity210Discrimination at Work: Struggles Against88Discrimination at Work: Union Membership90Gendered Work112Labor Unions486Latino/a-Owned Businesses149Occupations1379Healthcare11Journalism54Service Industry36Types of Work391Contratista9Domestic work100Limpia3Parcela1Piscas5Rancheros18Workers rights90Working Conditions321El Cortito1