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Black Power243Black Panthers135Black Power and Community Organizing43Black Power and Electoral Politics14Black Power and Institution-building18Black Power and Social Service Provision4Blacks in Government (BIG)8Democratic Progressive Voters' League4Local Black Power Organizations50Pan-Africanism3Texas Coalition of Black Democrats1Chicano Power679Aztlán9Brown Berets173Chicano Institution-building118Chicano Land Claims7Chicano Power and Community Organizing156Chicano Power and Electoral Politics65Chicano Power and Social Service Provision7Ideology of Chicano Power89Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund (MALDEF)27Mexican American Youth Organization (MAYO)181Mexican-American School Board Members Association (MASBA)1Movimiento Estudiantil Chicano de Aztlán (MEChA)31Citizenship1075Access to Public Services48Appeals to Federal Government23Braceros10Citizenship Law Enforcement69"La Migra" (Border Patrol)11Immigration and Naturalization Service48Citizenship Law and Legislation63Citizenship and Economic Independence35Citizenship and Gender24Civic Engagement143Definitions of Citizenship51Deportation17Detention for Immigration Status20Green Cards7"Commuters"1Immigration Status150Naturalization14Patron13Political Rights216Taxes105Poll Tax59Visas7U-visa1Voting and Voter Registration423Class and Status560Black Professionals113Class, Status, and Gender93Classism59Downward Mobility6Home Ownership and Class54Intra-racial/ethnic Classism30Intra-racial/ethnic Cross-class Collaboration51Intra-racial/ethnic Economic Stratification84Land Ownership and Class69Social Mobility54Upward Mobility50Community Organizations2027Civil Rights Organizations1095A. Philip Randolph Institute19American G.I. Forum (AGIF)85Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)6International and Third World Civil Rights Organizations12League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC)261Local Civil Rights Organizations197National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)330National and Regional Civil Rights Organizations66Political Association for Spanish-Speaking Organizations (PASSO)56Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)21Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)60Valley Interfaith7Community Organizations and Institution-Building153Community outreach524Volunteering226Fraternal Organizations24Greek Letter Societies46Mutual Aid Societies12Women's clubs61Consumption96Bus Boycotts14Consumer Boycotts62Court Cases419Brown v. Board of Education58Hernandez v. Texas5School Desegregation Cases117Cisneros v. Corpus Christi ISD33Del Rio ISD v. Salvatierra1Delgado v. Bastrop ISD1Hernandez v. Driscoll CISD1Single Member District Court Cases68Crime91Bank Robbery2Gang violence51Direct Action810Direct Action (unspecified)78Marches255Petitions23Picket lines81Protests229Rallies64Riots3Strikes99Takeovers9Teach-ins9Vigils3Walkouts86Discrimination or Segregation1588Discrimination or Segregation and Neighborhoods200Discrimination or Segregation at School594Discrimination or Segregation at Work126Discrimination or Segregation in Stores113Discrimination or Segregation of Public Accommodations440Cemeteries9Movie Theaters89Restaurants102Swimming pools35Transportation34Water fountains34Education3499"Mexican School"165Academic Calendar5Adult Education92All-Black Education369All-White Education118Black Studies45Chicano Studies131Community Controlled Schools41Corporal Punishment in Education64Education and Gender97Education and Integration704Busing124Freedom of Choice42Pairing for School Integration70Resistance to School Integration121Tokenism in School Integration62Educational Buildings and Physical Environment193Elementary Education542Extracurricular Activities314Sports87Head Start36Higher Education1264Affirmative Action21Little School of the 4005Migrant Schools14Parent and Community Involvement in Education318Parent Teacher Association (PTA)1Pre-K Education35Private and Parochial Education77Quality of Instruction327Textbooks75Resegregation of Schools15Rosenwald Schools19Secondary Education1002Speaking Spanish at School161Special Education11Student Government46Teachers and Administrators1120Vocational42Elections13Canvassing3Democratic Party3Election Campaign Strategies4Electoral Districts2Gerrymandering1Local Elections2Politicians1Lyndon Johnson1Raza Unida Party3Republican Party1Electoral Politics1461"Get out the vote"41Black Elected Officials110Canvassing18Contested Elections4Democratic Party314Election Campaign Strategies134Election Campaigns283Ann Richards' 1990 Campaign5George S. McGovern's 1972 Campaign5Jimmy Carter's 1976 Campaign6John F. Kennedy's 1960 Campaign27Ramsey Muniz's 1972 Campaign19Ramsey Muniz's 1974 Campaign4Election Fraud9Election Rallies16Election Recounts2Election Violence9Electoral Districts188Gerrymandering41Single-Member Districts115Latino/a Elected Officials191Local Elections347Pachangas5Political Bosses48Political Clubs75Politicians248Raza Unida Party270Republican Party163Rural Elections19Voter Registration181Write-in Candidates3Family2408Childhood Experiences659Children579Adoption19Taking in children13Courtship63Cultural Heritage Gender Roles91Divorce54Domestic Abuse36Extended Family Networks384Family Histories and Traditions388Marriage429Parenting433Sheltering (Children from racism)59Parents887Siblings422Gender and Sexuality347Equal Pay21Feminism63Mujeres de la Raza Unida11National Women's Conference (Houston, 1977)2Sexism58In the Workforce25Sexual Minorities71Black Sexual Minorities9Latino/a Sexual Minorities20Women's rights163Reproductive Rights42Women's Liberation18Geography1038Barrios157Colonias39Geographic Disparities in Economic Growth or Decline105Geographic Disparities in Infrastructure227Geographical Descriptions200Places (Cities, Towns, Neighborhoods, and Intersections)581Spatial and Residential Segregation250Historic Events142Crystal City Uprising, 19633Crystal City Uprising, 196914March on Austin, 19631Texas Southern University Riot, 196713Texas State Fair Demonstrations8Valley Farm Workers March, 196615Historic Periods17191941-1945671946-19501051950s [Exact Date Unknown]2541951-1955321956-1969491960-196312196471965-196813196611967-1968101969-1974701970s [Exact Date Unknown]4761975-1979221980s3381990s2742000-20082342009-Present276Early 1960s [Exact Date Unknown]250Jim Crow Period187Juan Crow Period9Late 1960s [Exact Date Unknown]320Mid-1960s [Exact Date Unknown]262Housing1123Contracts for Deeds2Exclusionary Zoning26House Bombings2Labor camps43Low Income Housing102Neighborhoods874Gentrification54Residential Segregation483Public Housing66Realtors25Redlining21Sub-standard Housing82Ideology514Chicanoism77Conservatism46Cultural Nationalism57Desegregation v. Integration112Integrationism79Internationalism23Liberalism55Marxism23Marxist Sectarianism1Nationalism16Radicalism43Relations Between Nationalism and Marxism4Relations Between Radicalism and Liberalism21Relations Between Radicalism and Local People35Separatism15Law and Public Policy451Bilingual Education83Civil Rights Act of 196465Civil Rights Act of 1964 - Title II - Public Accommodations14Civil Rights Act of 1964 - Title VII - Employment11Higher Education Amendments of 19723Title IX3Laws restricting African Americans29Laws restricting Latino Americans28Local Civil Rights Ordinances16Public Assistance44Supplemental Commodities Program13Welfare16Social Security7Voting Rights Act Extension of 19758Voting Rights Act of 196535War on Poverty59Media465Black Newspapers33Black Radio18Hostile Journalists and Editors35Mainstream Media121Movement Newspapers43Movement Radio23Spanish-Language Newspapers41Spanish-Language Radio43Student Newspapers38Supportive Journalists and Editors56Union Newspapers14Union Radio10Medicine and Health464Access to Health Care129Community-Controlled Health Care19Disabilities10Discrimination in Health Care67Drug Abuse69Folk Remedies4Medicare and Medicaid10Medicine, Health, and Employment64Mental Health30Rural Clinics23Urban Clinics16Migration366Causes of Migration37Chain Migration4Migrant Labor162Migration Methods9Migration from Deep South to Texas14Migration from Latin America to Texas76Migration from Rural to Urban Areas54Migration from Texas to Northern U.S.24Pa'l Norte1Seasonal Migration51Military686Better Race Relations in the Military31Discrimination in Military65Home Front39Korean War47Military Bases and Posts78Military Draft82Patriotic Rhetoric18Veterans' benefits71Agent Orange2Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder15Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944 (GI Bill)2Vietnam War238Anti-war Movement62World War II137Oral Tradition285Oral Tradition of Conquest27Oral Tradition of Native American Ancestry15Oral Tradition of Slavery67Oral Tradition of the Great Depression23Oral Tradition of the Mexican Revolution35Oral Tradition of the Tejano Land Dispossession24People713Brown, H. Rap2Carmichael, Stokely17Chavez, Cesar187Craft, Juanita10Davis, Angela3Evers, Medgar3Gutierrez, Jose Angel95Hector P. Garcia45Huerta, Dolores13Johnson, Lyndon Baines50Jordan, Barbara9Kennedy, John F.96Kennedy, Robert F.18King, Martin Luther, Jr.189Muniz, Ramsey7Newton, Huey P.8Obama, Barack68Proper Nouns32Harry S Truman4X, Malcolm28Police and Law Enforcement968Black Employment in Law Enforcement68Border Patrol26Capital Punishment7Community Relations and Law Enforcement168Federal Law Enforcement49FBI40Informants12Jails123Latino/a Employment in Law Enforcement42Marshalls2Mass Incarceration34Parole15Police Brutality333Political Imprisonment43Prisons93Probation9Sheriffs48Texas Rangers53Quantitative Questions214Black/Brown Relations18First Interracial Contact56Most Effective Leader94Most Effective Organization11Race Relations2098"Code-switching"6"Passing"31"Sell-outs"6"Tio Tacos"4"Uncle Toms"9Agabachados1Agringados5Anglo-Mexican Race Relations711Black-Brown Race Relations577Black-White Race Relations896Jewish Race Relations23Mojados7Native American Race Relations28Race Relations and Bilingualism92Race Relations with Other Ethnicities138Racial Slurs156Skin Color in Race Relations132Vendidos2Recreation and Leisure460Consumption of Radio/Television/Film88Dancing31Music83Tejano Music22Musical performances64Public Facilities40Segregated Shopping Districts20Social Gatherings80Sports19Swimming14Travel65Chicano/Tejano Music Awards2Interstate Travel18Travel in Texas16Religion895Church Leadership175Church organizations65Choir7Guadalupanas5Knights of Columbus1Penitentes1Churches502Church Community and Social Services158Churches as Meeting Spaces76Clergy41Liberation Theology7Religious Denominations218Social Gospel9Spirituality129Resistance ("Infrapolitics")72Resistance and Survival8Resistance and Talking Back23Resistance at School24Resistance at Work18Social Justice in Art114Poetry44Visual Art69Student Activism663Adult Participation in Student-led Actions8Black Participation in Latino/a-led Actions26Huelga Schools20Latino/a Participation in Black-led Actions26School Walkouts140Sit-ins103Sit-ins after Civil Rights Act4Student Demands for Jobs7Student Activism and Training46Student Organizations144Mexican American Student Organization (MASO)21Theater Stand-ins5White Resistance to Civil Rights475Extrajudicial Violence139Ku Klux Klan (KKK)101Lynching29White Capping1Hate Crimes and Violence134Arson as Hate Crime18Assault as Hate Crime29Law Enforcement as a tool of18Vigilantism8Minuteman Project2White Citizens' Councils9White Resistance and Anti-Communism31White Resistance and Economic Reprisals48White Resistance and Tokenism28Work2617"Black Jobs"97"Mexican Jobs"78"Women's Jobs"118Affirmative Action37Agricultural Work411Agricultural Work and Entrepreneurship14Agricultural Work and Land Ownership77Agricultural Work and Wage Labor97Agricultural Work: Tenancy and Sharecropping49Black-Owned Businesses200Child Labor42Compensation158Minimum Wage56Discrimination at Work451Discrimination at Work: Promotions and Seniority96Discrimination at Work: Race and Ethnicity201Discrimination at Work: Struggles Against80Discrimination at Work: Union Membership84Gendered Work109Labor Unions466Latino/a-Owned Businesses142Occupations1348Healthcare11Journalism54Service Industry36Types of Work380Contratista9Domestic work96Limpia3Parcela1Piscas5Rancheros18Workers rights86Working Conditions311El Cortito1