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Black Power226Black Panthers123Black Power and Community Organizing40Black Power and Electoral Politics14Black Power and Institution-building17Black Power and Social Service Provision4Blacks in Government (BIG)8Democratic Progressive Voters' League3Local Black Power Organizations48Pan-Africanism3Texas Coalition of Black Democrats1Chicano Power665Aztlán9Brown Berets172Chicano Institution-building117Chicano Land Claims7Chicano Power and Community Organizing152Chicano Power and Electoral Politics65Chicano Power and Social Service Provision7Ideology of Chicano Power89Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund (MALDEF)26Mexican American Youth Organization (MAYO)178Mexican-American School Board Members Association (MASBA)1Movimiento Estudiantil Chicano de Aztlán (MEChA)26Citizenship1039Access to Public Services48Appeals to Federal Government21Braceros10Citizenship Law Enforcement68"La Migra" (Border Patrol)11Immigration and Naturalization Service47Citizenship Law and Legislation63Citizenship and Economic Independence32Citizenship and Gender22Civic Engagement138Definitions of Citizenship49Deportation17Detention for Immigration Status20Green Cards7"Commuters"1Immigration Status149Naturalization14Patron13Political Rights206Taxes100Poll Tax57Visas7U-visa1Voting and Voter Registration409Class and Status543Black Professionals107Class, Status, and Gender93Classism59Downward Mobility6Home Ownership and Class52Intra-racial/ethnic Classism30Intra-racial/ethnic Cross-class Collaboration50Intra-racial/ethnic Economic Stratification81Land Ownership and Class64Social Mobility53Upward Mobility50Community Organizations1948Civil Rights Organizations1034A. Philip Randolph Institute19American G.I. Forum (AGIF)76Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)6International and Third World Civil Rights Organizations12League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC)247Local Civil Rights Organizations197National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)308National and Regional Civil Rights Organizations66Political Association for Spanish-Speaking Organizations (PASSO)56Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)15Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)45Valley Interfaith7Community Organizations and Institution-Building153Community outreach520Volunteering225Fraternal Organizations23Greek Letter Societies44Mutual Aid Societies12Women's clubs60Consumption88Bus Boycotts14Consumer Boycotts54Court Cases389Brown v. Board of Education52Hernandez v. Texas5School Desegregation Cases116Cisneros v. Corpus Christi ISD33Del Rio ISD v. Salvatierra1Delgado v. Bastrop ISD1Hernandez v. Driscoll CISD1Single Member District Court Cases63Crime89Bank Robbery2Gang violence51Direct Action769Direct Action (unspecified)76Marches244Petitions20Picket lines77Protests214Rallies62Strikes100Takeovers9Teach-ins9Vigils3Walkouts84Discrimination or Segregation1519Discrimination or Segregation and Neighborhoods196Discrimination or Segregation at School560Discrimination or Segregation at Work126Discrimination or Segregation in Stores108Discrimination or Segregation of Public Accommodations420Cemeteries9Movie Theaters81Restaurants97Swimming pools33Transportation33Water fountains31Education3334"Mexican School"160Academic Calendar5Adult Education91All-Black Education356All-White Education112Black Studies45Chicano Studies125Community Controlled Schools41Corporal Punishment in Education61Education and Gender95Education and Integration681Busing122Freedom of Choice38Pairing for School Integration66Resistance to School Integration121Tokenism in School Integration61Educational Buildings and Physical Environment182Elementary Education519Extracurricular Activities292Sports66Head Start34Higher Education1195Affirmative Action20Little School of the 4004Migrant Schools14Parent and Community Involvement in Education308Pre-K Education33Private and Parochial Education71Quality of Instruction318Textbooks68Resegregation of Schools15Rosenwald Schools18Secondary Education948Speaking Spanish at School154Special Education4Student Government45Teachers and Administrators1047Vocational41Elections14Canvassing3Democratic Party3Election Campaign Strategies4Electoral Districts2Gerrymandering1Local Elections2Politicians1Lyndon Johnson1Raza Unida Party4Republican Party1Electoral Politics1406"Get out the vote"40Black Elected Officials104Canvassing18Contested Elections4Democratic Party304Election Campaign Strategies126Election Campaigns269Ann Richards' 1990 Campaign4George S. McGovern's 1972 Campaign5Jimmy Carter's 1976 Campaign6John F. Kennedy's 1960 Campaign27Ramsey Muniz's 1972 Campaign19Ramsey Muniz's 1974 Campaign4Election Fraud9Election Rallies16Election Recounts2Election Violence9Electoral Districts181Gerrymandering41Single-Member Districts108Latino/a Elected Officials183Local Elections330Pachangas5Political Bosses48Political Clubs75Politicians234Raza Unida Party265Republican Party159Rural Elections18Voter Registration178Write-in Candidates3Family2302Childhood Experiences640Children550Adoption18Taking in children12Courtship60Cultural Heritage Gender Roles91Divorce53Domestic Abuse36Extended Family Networks368Family Histories and Traditions373Marriage412Parenting411Sheltering (Children from racism)56Parents834Siblings409Gender and Sexuality323Equal Pay20Feminism54Mujeres de la Raza Unida11National Women's Conference (Houston, 1977)2Sexism57In the Workforce25Sexual Minorities69Black Sexual Minorities9Latino/a Sexual Minorities20Women's rights144Reproductive Rights28Women's Liberation15Geography1008Barrios154Colonias39Geographic Disparities in Economic Growth or Decline101Geographic Disparities in Infrastructure221Geographical Descriptions194Places (Cities, Towns, Neighborhoods, and Intersections)575Spatial and Residential Segregation237Historic Events132Crystal City Uprising, 19633Crystal City Uprising, 196914March on Austin, 19631Texas Southern University Riot, 196712Texas State Fair Demonstrations8Valley Farm Workers March, 196615Historic Periods15971941-1945651946-19501011950s [Exact Date Unknown]2371951-1955311956-1969491960-196311196471965-196813196611967-1968101969-1974701970s [Exact Date Unknown]4271975-1979221980s3191990s2662000-20082282009-Present264Early 1960s [Exact Date Unknown]234Jim Crow Period174Juan Crow Period7Late 1960s [Exact Date Unknown]299Mid-1960s [Exact Date Unknown]250Housing1085Contracts for Deeds2Exclusionary Zoning26House Bombings2Labor camps41Low Income Housing99Neighborhoods847Gentrification50Residential Segregation463Public Housing64Realtors25Redlining20Sub-standard Housing75Ideology505Chicanoism76Conservatism45Cultural Nationalism55Desegregation v. Integration112Integrationism79Internationalism23Liberalism54Marxism21Marxist Sectarianism1Nationalism15Radicalism41Relations Between Nationalism and Marxism4Relations Between Radicalism and Liberalism21Relations Between Radicalism and Local People35Separatism15Law and Public Policy431Bilingual Education79Civil Rights Act of 196463Civil Rights Act of 1964 - Title II - Public Accommodations14Civil Rights Act of 1964 - Title VII - Employment11Higher Education Amendments of 19723Title IX3Laws restricting African Americans29Laws restricting Latino Americans28Local Civil Rights Ordinances16Public Assistance42Supplemental Commodities Program13Welfare15Social Security7Voting Rights Act Extension of 19758Voting Rights Act of 196532War on Poverty58Media437Black Newspapers27Black Radio18Hostile Journalists and Editors34Mainstream Media118Movement Newspapers39Movement Radio23Spanish-Language Newspapers41Spanish-Language Radio43Student Newspapers33Supportive Journalists and Editors54Union Newspapers14Union Radio10Medicine and Health441Access to Health Care124Community-Controlled Health Care19Disabilities9Discrimination in Health Care64Drug Abuse66Folk Remedies3Medicare and Medicaid10Medicine, Health, and Employment62Mental Health30Rural Clinics22Urban Clinics16Migration355Causes of Migration35Chain Migration4Migrant Labor157Migration Methods9Migration from Deep South to Texas14Migration from Latin America to Texas75Migration from Rural to Urban Areas53Migration from Texas to Northern U.S.24Pa'l Norte1Seasonal Migration51Military637Better Race Relations in the Military30Discrimination in Military63Home Front37Korean War45Military Bases and Posts74Military Draft77Patriotic Rhetoric18Veterans' benefits67Agent Orange2Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder14Vietnam War221Anti-war Movement53World War II128Oral Tradition270Oral Tradition of Conquest21Oral Tradition of Native American Ancestry15Oral Tradition of Slavery59Oral Tradition of the Great Depression22Oral Tradition of the Mexican Revolution34Oral Tradition of the Tejano Land Dispossession24People683Brown, H. Rap2Carmichael, Stokely12Chavez, Cesar183Craft, Juanita10Davis, Angela3Evers, Medgar3Gutierrez, Jose Angel93Hector P. Garcia43Huerta, Dolores13Johnson, Lyndon Baines48Jordan, Barbara9Kennedy, John F.93Kennedy, Robert F.18King, Martin Luther, Jr.179Muniz, Ramsey6Newton, Huey P.7Obama, Barack66Proper Nouns32Harry S Truman4X, Malcolm27Police and Law Enforcement914Black Employment in Law Enforcement68Border Patrol25Capital Punishment7Community Relations and Law Enforcement164Federal Law Enforcement43FBI36Informants10Jails119Latino/a Employment in Law Enforcement42Marshalls2Mass Incarceration33Parole15Police Brutality304Political Imprisonment42Prisons88Probation9Sheriffs48Texas Rangers53Quantitative Questions207Black/Brown Relations18First Interracial Contact53Most Effective Leader93Most Effective Organization10Race Relations2041"Code-switching"6"Passing"30"Sell-outs"6"Tio Tacos"3"Uncle Toms"5Agabachados1Agringados5Anglo-Mexican Race Relations701Black-Brown Race Relations566Black-White Race Relations880Jewish Race Relations21Mojados7Native American Race Relations28Race Relations and Bilingualism90Race Relations with Other Ethnicities136Racial Slurs145Skin Color in Race Relations129Vendidos2Recreation and Leisure443Consumption of Radio/Television/Film85Dancing30Music77Tejano Music22Musical performances59Public Facilities40Segregated Shopping Districts19Social Gatherings80Sports18Swimming14Travel63Chicano/Tejano Music Awards2Interstate Travel16Travel in Texas16Religion843Church Leadership154Church organizations65Choir7Guadalupanas5Knights of Columbus1Penitentes1Churches467Church Community and Social Services158Churches as Meeting Spaces74Clergy40Liberation Theology7Religious Denominations206Social Gospel7Spirituality127Resistance ("Infrapolitics")69Resistance and Survival8Resistance and Talking Back21Resistance at School24Resistance at Work17Social Justice in Art113Poetry44Visual Art68Student Activism632Adult Participation in Student-led Actions8Black Participation in Latino/a-led Actions26Huelga Schools17Latino/a Participation in Black-led Actions26School Walkouts138Sit-ins98Sit-ins after Civil Rights Act4Student Demands for Jobs6Student Activism and Training40Student Organizations134Mexican American Student Organization (MASO)20Theater Stand-ins5White Resistance to Civil Rights457Extrajudicial Violence131Ku Klux Klan (KKK)96Lynching25White Capping1Hate Crimes and Violence132Arson as Hate Crime18Assault as Hate Crime29Law Enforcement as a tool of18Vigilantism8Minuteman Project2White Citizens' Councils9White Resistance and Anti-Communism31White Resistance and Economic Reprisals48White Resistance and Tokenism27Work2493"Black Jobs"97"Mexican Jobs"77"Women's Jobs"116Affirmative Action33Agricultural Work386Agricultural Work and Entrepreneurship14Agricultural Work and Land Ownership72Agricultural Work and Wage Labor95Agricultural Work: Tenancy and Sharecropping42Black-Owned Businesses188Child Labor41Compensation148Minimum Wage56Discrimination at Work430Discrimination at Work: Promotions and Seniority91Discrimination at Work: Race and Ethnicity199Discrimination at Work: Struggles Against77Discrimination at Work: Union Membership84Gendered Work108Labor Unions463Latino/a-Owned Businesses135Occupations1280Healthcare11Journalism52Service Industry34Types of Work352Contratista9Domestic work89Limpia3Parcela1Piscas5Rancheros18Workers rights86Working Conditions300El Cortito1