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Black Power259Black Panthers144Black Power and Community Organizing44Black Power and Electoral Politics14Black Power and Institution-building19Black Power and Social Service Provision4Blacks in Government (BIG)8Democratic Progressive Voters' League4Local Black Power Organizations51Pan-Africanism3Texas Coalition of Black Democrats1Chicano Power702Aztlán12Brown Berets191Chicano Institution-building119Chicano Land Claims7Chicano Power and Community Organizing159Chicano Power and Electoral Politics66Chicano Power and Social Service Provision7Ideology of Chicano Power89Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund (MALDEF)27Mexican American Youth Organization (MAYO)183Mexican-American School Board Members Association (MASBA)1Movimiento Estudiantil Chicano de Aztlán (MEChA)31Citizenship1166Access to Public Services64Appeals to Federal Government23Braceros12Citizenship Law Enforcement74"La Migra" (Border Patrol)12Immigration and Naturalization Service50Citizenship Law and Legislation70Citizenship and Economic Independence41Citizenship and Gender24Civic Engagement174Definitions of Citizenship61Deportation19Detention for Immigration Status24Green Cards10"Commuters"2Immigration Status160Naturalization16Patron15Political Rights230Taxes112Poll Tax62Visas10U-visa1Voting and Voter Registration449Class and Status605Black Professionals140Class, Status, and Gender94Classism59Downward Mobility7Home Ownership and Class61Intra-racial/ethnic Classism32Intra-racial/ethnic Cross-class Collaboration53Intra-racial/ethnic Economic Stratification84Land Ownership and Class74Social Mobility60Upward Mobility55Community Organizations2160Civil Rights Organizations1170A. Philip Randolph Institute19American G.I. Forum (AGIF)92Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)6International and Third World Civil Rights Organizations12League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC)270Local Civil Rights Organizations209National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)356National and Regional Civil Rights Organizations70Political Association for Spanish-Speaking Organizations (PASSO)56Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)24Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)72Valley Interfaith7Community Organizations and Institution-Building158Community outreach559Volunteering248Fraternal Organizations25Greek Letter Societies48Mutual Aid Societies15Women's clubs65Consumption107Bus Boycotts14Consumer Boycotts73Court Cases431Brown v. Board of Education61Hernandez v. Texas5School Desegregation Cases120Cisneros v. Corpus Christi ISD33Del Rio ISD v. Salvatierra1Delgado v. Bastrop ISD1Hernandez v. Driscoll CISD1Single Member District Court Cases71Crime95Bank Robbery2Gang violence54Direct Action887Direct Action (unspecified)86Marches273Petitions24Picket lines87Protests244Rallies68Riots21Strikes107Takeovers9Teach-ins9Vigils3Walkouts89Discrimination or Segregation1664Discrimination or Segregation and Neighborhoods206Discrimination or Segregation at School623Discrimination or Segregation at Work130Discrimination or Segregation in Stores123Discrimination or Segregation of Public Accommodations463Cemeteries9Movie Theaters94Restaurants109Swimming pools36Transportation38Water fountains38Education3738"Mexican School"172Academic Calendar5Adult Education98All-Black Education404All-White Education131Black Studies46Chicano Studies131Community Controlled Schools42Corporal Punishment in Education68Education and Gender102Education and Integration748Busing133Freedom of Choice48Pairing for School Integration75Resistance to School Integration128Tokenism in School Integration63Educational Buildings and Physical Environment200Elementary Education575Extracurricular Activities349Sports105Head Start37Higher Education1360Affirmative Action21Little School of the 4005Migrant Schools15Parent and Community Involvement in Education351Parent Teacher Association (PTA)4Pre-K Education35Private and Parochial Education85Quality of Instruction372Textbooks88Resegregation of Schools15Rosenwald Schools22Secondary Education1085Speaking Spanish at School173Special Education18Student Government49Teachers and Administrators1217Vocational47Elections14Canvassing3Democratic Party3Election Campaign Strategies4Electoral Districts2Gerrymandering1Local Elections2Politicians1Lyndon Johnson1Raza Unida Party4Republican Party1Electoral Politics1551"Get out the vote"46Black Elected Officials121Canvassing23Contested Elections13Democratic Party335Election Campaign Strategies149Election Campaigns305Ann Richards' 1990 Campaign5George S. McGovern's 1972 Campaign5Jimmy Carter's 1976 Campaign7John F. Kennedy's 1960 Campaign29Ramsey Muniz's 1972 Campaign19Ramsey Muniz's 1974 Campaign4Election Fraud9Election Rallies16Election Recounts2Election Violence9Electoral Districts202Gerrymandering46Single-Member Districts121Latino/a Elected Officials207Local Elections374Pachangas5Political Bosses49Political Clubs76Politicians274Raza Unida Party275Republican Party176Rural Elections23Voter Registration186Write-in Candidates3Family2597Childhood Experiences714Children621Adoption20Taking in children14Courtship67Cultural Heritage Gender Roles101Divorce64Domestic Abuse43Extended Family Networks428Family Histories and Traditions428Marriage464Parenting489Sheltering (Children from racism)79Parents944Siblings446Gender and Sexuality382Equal Pay23Feminism69Mujeres de la Raza Unida14National Women's Conference (Houston, 1977)2Sexism67In the Workforce31Sexual Minorities78Black Sexual Minorities9Latino/a Sexual Minorities24Women's rights176Reproductive Rights49Women's Liberation22Geography1082Barrios168Colonias40Geographic Disparities in Economic Growth or Decline108Geographic Disparities in Infrastructure236Geographical Descriptions210Places (Cities, Towns, Neighborhoods, and Intersections)590Spatial and Residential Segregation265Historic Events148Crystal City Uprising, 19633Crystal City Uprising, 196915March on Austin, 19631Texas Southern University Riot, 196714Texas State Fair Demonstrations8Valley Farm Workers March, 196615Historic Periods18321941-1945721946-19501091950s [Exact Date Unknown]2651951-1955351956-1969491960-196312196481965-196814196611967-1968101969-1974701970s [Exact Date Unknown]5131975-1979221980s3561990s2882000-20082452009-Present293Early 1960s [Exact Date Unknown]259Jim Crow Period206Juan Crow Period15Late 1960s [Exact Date Unknown]333Mid-1960s [Exact Date Unknown]272Housing1196Contracts for Deeds2Exclusionary Zoning28House Bombings2Labor camps47Low Income Housing106Neighborhoods926Gentrification60Residential Segregation511Public Housing73Realtors30Redlining24Sub-standard Housing88Ideology555Chicanoism78Conservatism50Cultural Nationalism60Desegregation v. Integration114Integrationism80Internationalism24Liberalism61Marxism28Marxist Sectarianism3Nationalism18Radicalism58Relations Between Nationalism and Marxism5Relations Between Radicalism and Liberalism24Relations Between Radicalism and Local People43Separatism15Law and Public Policy487Bilingual Education84Civil Rights Act of 196471Civil Rights Act of 1964 - Title II - Public Accommodations14Civil Rights Act of 1964 - Title VII - Employment11Higher Education Amendments of 19723Title IX3Laws restricting African Americans31Laws restricting Latino Americans30Local Civil Rights Ordinances17Public Assistance47Supplemental Commodities Program13Welfare19Social Security8Voting Rights Act Extension of 197511Voting Rights Act of 196541War on Poverty59Media495Black Newspapers33Black Radio18Hostile Journalists and Editors35Mainstream Media132Movement Newspapers46Movement Radio24Spanish-Language Newspapers50Spanish-Language Radio48Student Newspapers40Supportive Journalists and Editors57Union Newspapers15Union Radio10Medicine and Health520Access to Health Care137Community-Controlled Health Care19Disabilities21Discrimination in Health Care77Drug Abuse80Folk Remedies4Medicare and Medicaid10Medicine, Health, and Employment71Mental Health41Rural Clinics23Urban Clinics18Migration391Causes of Migration38Chain Migration4Migrant Labor173Migration Methods9Migration from Deep South to Texas16Migration from Latin America to Texas80Migration from Rural to Urban Areas56Migration from Texas to Northern U.S.27Pa'l Norte1Seasonal Migration60Military730Better Race Relations in the Military33Discrimination in Military67Home Front42Korean War51Military Bases and Posts88Military Draft88Patriotic Rhetoric19Veterans' benefits77Agent Orange3Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder15Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944 (GI Bill)5Vietnam War250Anti-war Movement68World War II140Oral Tradition308Oral Tradition of Conquest30Oral Tradition of Native American Ancestry16Oral Tradition of Slavery78Oral Tradition of the Great Depression23Oral Tradition of the Mexican Revolution37Oral Tradition of the Tejano Land Dispossession26People767Brown, H. Rap10Carmichael, Stokely27Chavez, Cesar207Craft, Juanita10Davis, Angela10Evers, Medgar3Gutierrez, Jose Angel97Hector P. Garcia44Huerta, Dolores14Johnson, Lyndon Baines53Jordan, Barbara15Kennedy, John F.97Kennedy, Robert F.22King, Martin Luther, Jr.208Muniz, Ramsey7Newton, Huey P.13Obama, Barack69Proper Nouns32Harry S Truman4X, Malcolm29Police and Law Enforcement1051Black Employment in Law Enforcement69Border Patrol26Capital Punishment7Community Relations and Law Enforcement180Convict Labor1Federal Law Enforcement53FBI44Informants15Jails143Latino/a Employment in Law Enforcement46Marshalls2Mass Incarceration40Parole18Police Brutality365Political Imprisonment49Prisons101Probation13Sheriffs55Texas Rangers58Quantitative Questions215Black/Brown Relations18First Interracial Contact57Most Effective Leader94Most Effective Organization11Race Relations2212"Code-switching"6"Passing"31"Sell-outs"6"Tio Tacos"4"Uncle Toms"12Agabachados1Agringados5Anglo-Mexican Race Relations741Black-Brown Race Relations596Black-White Race Relations944Jewish Race Relations23Mojados7Native American Race Relations28Race Relations and Bilingualism96Race Relations with Other Ethnicities143Racial Slurs162Skin Color in Race Relations142Vendidos2Recreation and Leisure504Consumption of Radio/Television/Film97Dancing40Music96Tejano Music29Musical performances72Public Facilities44Segregated Shopping Districts22Social Gatherings87Sports23Swimming16Travel71Chicano/Tejano Music Awards2Interstate Travel20Travel in Texas18Religion962Church Leadership184Church organizations66Choir7Guadalupanas5Knights of Columbus1Penitentes1Churches539Church Community and Social Services163Churches as Meeting Spaces84Clergy42Liberation Theology7Religious Denominations236Social Gospel10Spirituality138Resistance ("Infrapolitics")73Resistance and Survival8Resistance and Talking Back23Resistance at School24Resistance at Work19Social Justice in Art127Poetry48Visual Art79Student Activism684Adult Participation in Student-led Actions8Black Participation in Latino/a-led Actions29Huelga Schools18Latino/a Participation in Black-led Actions28School Walkouts143Sit-ins109Sit-ins after Civil Rights Act4Student Demands for Jobs7Student Activism and Training47Student Organizations145Mexican American Student Organization (MASO)21Theater Stand-ins5White Resistance to Civil Rights509Extrajudicial Violence157Ku Klux Klan (KKK)115Lynching33White Capping1Hate Crimes and Violence145Arson as Hate Crime19Assault as Hate Crime30Law Enforcement as a tool of18Vigilantism11Minuteman Project3White Citizens' Councils9White Resistance and Anti-Communism32White Resistance and Economic Reprisals51White Resistance and Tokenism30Work2802"Black Jobs"99"Mexican Jobs"81"Women's Jobs"122Affirmative Action37Agricultural Work448Agricultural Work and Entrepreneurship20Agricultural Work and Land Ownership84Agricultural Work and Wage Labor117Agricultural Work: Tenancy and Sharecropping52Black-Owned Businesses226Child Labor50Compensation180Minimum Wage58Discrimination at Work495Discrimination at Work: Promotions and Seniority101Discrimination at Work: Race and Ethnicity220Discrimination at Work: Struggles Against89Discrimination at Work: Union Membership90Gendered Work114Labor Unions488Latino/a-Owned Businesses159Occupations1425Healthcare23Journalism60Service Industry38Types of Work412Contratista9Domestic work107Limpia3Parcela1Piscas5Rancheros19Workers rights90Working Conditions327El Cortito1